Q>What is the initial first aid treatment for acid burns?
A>Flood the area with slowly running water for 20 minutes. Gently remove contaminated clothing while flooding the area.
Q> What are the two primary objectives of First Aid treatment?
Prevent a situation from becoming worse.
Q> Who must be in charge of a First Aid box?
A responsible or trained person.
Q> What special warning would you give to a casualty with suspected spinal injuries?
Not to attempt to get up or move.
Q> What must a first aider always treat for and why?
Shock – Shock can prove fatal unless measures are taken to counteract.
Q> Under what circumstances is it permissible to move a seriously injured person?
If there is further danger by leaving them where they are.
Q> Where is the Humerus?
In the upper arm.
Q> Where is the Radius?
In the forearm.
Q> Where is the Ulna?
In the fore arm.
Q> Where is the Femur?
In the thigh.
Q> Where are the tarsals and metatarsals?
In the ankles and feet.
Q> Where are the carpals and metacarpals?
In the wrists and hands.
Q>In what area of the body is one likely to sustain a Depressed Fracture?
Q> Give two of the principal types of open wound?
Q> Name two conditions associated with electric shock that may be fatal?
Fibrillation of the heart.
Q> Other than Electric Shock, what causes asphyxia?
Anything that prevents a supply of fresh air from reaching the lungs.
Q> What is the aim of Resuscitation?
To prevent damage to the brain and other vital organs, which would occur through lack of oxygen.
Q> Give two signs that would lead you to suspect a fracture in arm or leg injuries?
Shortening of limb
Abnormal positioning of hand or foot.
Q> Give two uses for a collar and cuff sling?
To support the wrist and raise the forearm in injuries to wrist and forearm.
To support the weight of a plaster cast when applied to wrist or forearm.
Q> In the case of eye injuries, what should always be done?
They should always be seen by a qualified First Aider or Nurse, and referred to a doctor if necessary.
Q> If somebody is heavily splashed with a corrosive liquid, name two necessary first aid actions?
Get the person quickly under running water.
Remove the affected clothing.
Get professional help if required.
Q> Describe two forms of eyewash bottle?
Glass bottle with gravity feed.
Squeezable plastic bottle.
Q>What does an eyewash bottle essentially contain?
Q> If you have used an eyewash bottle on a job, what should you do next?
Refill the eyewash bottle.
Q> If a person falls and breaks a leg, outline two actions you would take?
Keep them still and warm, make comfortable without moving, and call for medical assistance.
Q> How many times a minute should you carry out the sequence of artificial respiration on an adult?
10 – 12 times a minute until breathing starts, then work to their rhythm.
Q> A person says they feel faint, what two actions must you take?
Support them until they can sit or lie down.
Send for a First Aider.
Q> What is an Antidote?
A substance given to a person who has swallowed a poison to counteract the effects of the poison.
||What is an emetic?
||A substance given to a person to induce vomiting.
||What is meant by First Aid?
||Immediate treatment only.
||What do the letters C.P.R. stand for?
||Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation.
||Why is a reef knot used in a triangular bandage?
||It is non-slip and lies flat.
||If there is bleeding from the ear, what does this indicate?
||Abnormally low body temperature is called what?
||A displacement of one or more bones at a joint is called what?
||In relation to a choking casualty, when should abdominal thrusts NOT be used?
||For pregnant women
For overweight casualties.
||A condition of temporary disturbance to the brain after a head injury is called what?
||On arriving at an accident scene, what four steps should you take to control the situation?
||1. Minimize the danger to yourself and others.
2. Get others to assist you.
3. Determine the priorities of the situation.
4. Call for specialized assistance.
Q> Give four symptoms of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning?
Oppression in the chest – difficulty in breathing.
Weakness of Limbs.
Unconsciousness may occur.
Color will deepen to cherry pink as level of CO2 rises in the blood.
Q> Name four uses for bandages?
To fix dressings.
To secure splints.
To keep pressure on an injured limb.
To keep pressure on an injured limb.
To provide support for an injured limb.
Q> Give four basic pieces of equipment needed for emergency treatment and transport of injured persons?
First Aid Box.
Splints of various sizes.
Q> What is important when sending a casualty to a doctor or hospital after a works accident. Give four points?
The casualty should be accompanied by a note which should refer to the undermentioned.
The circumstances of the accident.
Detail of materials involved in the accident, e.g. Concentration, temperature, time of exposure etc.
Details of First Aid administered.
Q> Name the four prime responsibilities of a First Aider?
Assess the situation.
Identify the injury or condition from which the casualty is suffering.
Give immediate, appropriate, and adequate First Aid.
If necessary get the casualty to a doctor or hospital.
Q> When attending an injured person after an accident, special attention should be paid to four conditions. What are these four conditions?
Failure of breathing.
Precautions in case of back or internal injuries.
||Explain what is meant by the term – Complicated Fracture?
||It is where the fractured end of bones do not break cleanly and splinters of bone become detached.
||Give an example of a comminuted fracture?
||Collar Bone or Clavicle Fracture sustained when a person stretches out an arm to break a fall.
||What are the medical terms for the Collar-Bone and Shoulder-Blade?
||Collar-Bone:- Clavicle. Shoulder-Blade:- Scapula.
||What are the medical terms for the Breast-Bone and Funny-Bone?
||Breast-Bone:- Sternum. Funny-Bone:- Humerus.
||What are the medical terms for the Knee-Cap and Upper-Leg?
||Knee-Cap:- Patella. Upper-Leg:- Femur.
||Name the two bones of the lower leg?
||The Fibula and the Tibia.
||Name the two bones of the lower arm?
||The Radius and the Ulna.
||What are the four normal symptoms of inflammation?
||List four symptoms of a fractured bone?
||Difficulty in moving.
Symptoms of shock.
||Give four causes of shock?
||Loss of body fluids.
||Give two reasons why slings are used in an injury?
||1. To afford support and rest to an upper limb.
2. To prevent the weight of an upper limb pulling on or moving the chest, shoulders, or neck.
Q> What may result if the blood vessels are constricted and the flow of blood is stopped in the limbs?
Gangrene in the affected limbs.
Q> Give two methods of treating a person who has fainted?
Get the person into fresh air, lay the person flat on their back, raise feet and legs, loosen tight clothing at neck, waist, and chest.
Get the person into fresh air, sit the person down, loosen tight clothing at neck, waist, and chest, place persons head between their knees.
Q> Name four methods of artificial respiration?
Mouth to mouth.
Q> What is the treatment for a nose bleed. Give four points?
Sit the patient up with their head slightly forward.
Instruct them to breathe through their mouth.
Pinch the soft part of the nose firmly for 10 minutes.
Prevent them from swallowing blood.
Q. Name four types of wounds?
Q> If a person’s heart is beating faintly should you assist it with heart compression?
Q> What are the two purposes of blood circulation?
To carry oxygen to the tissues.
To extract carbon dioxide from the tissues.
Q> At what stage can you leave a patient to summon help?
When the patient is breathing normally.
Q> Give two reasons why people who are unconscious are placed in the recovery position?
To prevent the tongue falling back and blocking the airways.
To prevent vomit lodging at the back of the throat and blocking the airways.
||List two items that should NOT be applied to serious or severe burns?
||Adhesive plaster or tape.
Lotions, ointments or fats.
Fluffy materials e.g. lint.
||Give four causes of unconsciousness?
Lack of oxygen. Diabetes.
||What should be the aim of First Aid in the treatment of Burns or Scalds. Give 3?
||1. Reduce the effect of heat – use cold water.2. Prevent infection – cover with a clean non fluffy cloth.
3. Minimize shock – reassure, rest, keep warm, quiet etc.
4. Remove to hospital if burns are severe.
||In First Aid what is meant by the terms “Signs” and “Symptoms”?
||Signs – Are the abnormal things such as bleeding, swelling, deformity, raised or irregular pulse – i. e. you see them.
Symptoms – Are sensations that the casualty describes to you such as pain, loss of movement, giddiness, feeling of heat or cold, – i. e. things you do not see.
||What is the medical term given to a severe allergic reaction within the body from a poison?
||What instrument is used to measure blood pressure?
||Give six signs or symptoms of shock?
||1. Giddiness or Faintness.2. Coldness.
5. Cold Clammy Skin.
6. Slow Pulse, becoming feeble and rapid.
Q> Many substances found in or about the home can be poisonous. What is the recommended First Aid in the case of a child who has drunk some poisonous liquid. Give 6 actions?
Quickly determine what has been drunk
Keep the child warm and comfortable.
Do not induce vomiting.
If unconscious put in recovery position.
Remove to hospital.
Bring a sample of the substance with you to hospital.
Q> Give six signs or symptoms that may be apparent if a casualty was suffering from asphyxia due to fumes or smoke?
Difficulty in Breathing – shallow or fast.
Breathing Noisily – Gurgling or snoring.
Possible Frothing at the mouth.
Blueness of Lips.
Q> If a person becomes unconscious in an enclosed space
What action would you take and
What equipment would you need? Name five items
(a) Get assistance and effect a rescue
(b) Breathing Apparatus, Resuscitators,
Life Lines, Wrist Straps, or Harness.
Q> What are the six main signs of carbon monoxide poisoning?
Redness of skin.
Difficulty in breathing.
Q> What do you call the condition resulting from poisons being released into the blood stream from crushed muscles and bones, and what may it cause?
Crush Syndrome – It may cause damage to or even destroy the kidneys.
Q> In (1) which Swiss city and in (2) what year was the International Red Cross Society established?
Q>Name eight Steps in the First Aid Treatment of Shock?
Comfort and reassure the casualty.
Lay the casualty on a blanket, and keep
Keep the head low and turned to one
Loosen tight clothing to assist
If thirsty, moisten lips with
Check the pulse, 72 beats per minute.
Check breathing rate, 16/18 times per
Apply resuscitation, if breathing stops.
Get casualty to Doctors care quickly.
Q>Does a higher flash point mean that a liquid is more flammable?
No – Less flammable.
Q> What particular danger exists when flammable liquids or gases which are heavier than air are spilled?
The vapors may travel along the ground until they reach a source of ignition, or may collect in cellars etc. and accumulate to cause an explosion at a later stage.
Q> Why earth metal equipment when dealing with flammable liquids?
To reduce the risk of a build up of static electricity which may cause a spark.
Q> How would you contain leaks from large tanks containing flammable liquids?
Surround them with a containment wall or bund.
Q> Do some moving liquids generate static electricity?
Yes – This can be a problem with flammable liquids.
Q> What type of devise should you use to measure flammable vapors in an area prior to allowing work to commence in it?
An Explosimeter or Flammable Gas detector.
Q> How would you dispose of flammable liquid waste?
Store carefully until you can either incinerate them or have them incinerated at a suitable site
Q> If your overalls become soaked with flammable solvent, what action should you take?
Remove them at once.
Q> How should vessels, bins, tanks, and rooms used for storing flammable liquids be marked?
“Highly flammable liquid”.
Q> What name is given to a suspension of a liquid in a gas?
Q> Do some moving dusts generate static electricity?
Yes – This can be a problem with flammable.
Q> Name four essential safety precautions which should be taken when handling flammable solvents?
No smoking or naked lights.
Wear appropriate protective clothing.
Use proper pouring aids.
Earth the container and pourer to avoid static electricity.
Q>Name four precautions which should be exercised when storing flammable solvents?
Fire proof building.
Flameproof electrical fittings.
Means of escape.
Earth the container and pourer to avoid static electricity.
Q> Name two ways of overcoming the generation of static electricity in flammable liquid lines?
Earth supply lines.
Use Anti-static hose.
Reduce flow rates.
Q> What are the two main methods of removing flammable material residues from drums or small tanks to be repaired?
Steaming out with live steam.
Boiling in water containing an alkali or detergent.
Q> What other two things must you have when storing flammable liquids other than a fire-proof building, flameproof electrical fittings, and warning notices?
Means of escape.
Q> Name four intrinsic factors on which the fire risk of a flammable liquid depend?
Tendency to vaporize (volatility).
Density (Lighter or Heavier than Air).
Q> What is the maximum quantity of flammable liquid which may be kept in a laboratory, and under what condition may this liquid be kept in the laboratory?
Minimum practicable in relation to daily needs.
It should be kept in a closed vessel or container, in a fireproof cupboard.
Q> Describe what is meant by the following?
(a) Temperature at which a liquid gives off sufficient flammable vapor to form an ignitable mixture near its surface.
Lowest temperature at which a substance will ignite spontaneously
The upper and lower concentrations within which a vapor will form an ignitable mixture with air.
Q>What is a code of practice?
Practical guidelines on the ways to achieve the lawful standards and objectives.
Q. What would you expect to find in a pipeline painted Light Blue?
Q> If you go to a job in a department which is not your own, what do you do first?
Report to the supervisor.
Q>When you have finished a job, what is the last thing you must do?
Q> What gas produced in the brewing industry has been responsible for a number of fatal accidents?
Carbon Dioxide (CO2).
Q>How can you safely open a bung from a barrel?
Wear protective clothing especially eye protection and remove the bung very slowly to release any pressure.
Q> When a defect is found in any appliance what should be done?
Report it at once and get it repaired or replaced.
Q> What situations should deter the use of power tools?
Where combustible gas or vapors.
Q> What is the main toxic gas that persons involved in sewer maintenance and repair should be aware of?
Hydrogen Sulphide (H2S).
Q>What toxic gas should be of concern where diesel power trucks operate in confined areas?
Carbon Monoxide (CO).
Q. What dangerous material and dust may be encountered when stripping insulation from old steam boilers?
Q>What hazardous liquid may be encountered in connection with car batteries?
Sulphuric Acid (H2SO4) – Accept acid for one mark.
Q> What is the principal danger associated with diving?
Decompression sickness (Bends).
Q> What is the significant hazard associated with grain handling equipment?
Q> The evaluation and control of mechanical and physical hazards encompass four engineering aspects – Name them?
Q>Abrasive wheels are coded as follows:- the abrasive, the grain, the bond, the structure, and the grade of hardness. Who should be familiar with this system, and why should a person be familiar with the coding system?
The person responsible for wheel mounting.
So that the correct wheel is selected and fitted for the work to be done.
Q>Give four conditions that should apply to abrasive wheel work rests?
They should be of substantial construction.
They should readily adjust to follow wheel wear.
They should be securely clamped to the machine.
The work rest face should be within 3 mm of wheel.
Q>What safeguards should be taken when using fixed abrasive wheels. Give four?
Fixed guard to contain wheel in the event of it shattering.
Machine controls readily accessible.
Tool rests adjusted correctly.
Q.>n March 1992, eleven North Sea oil workers lost their lives as the result of a helicopter crash. The subsequent enquiry was told that the crash was inevitable for several reasons. Give four reasons?
Poor flying Conditions.
Pilot took quickest route.
Exceptional down draught.
Pressure from crew in a hurry home.
Q>When a replacement wheel has been fitted to a grinding machine and the guards and rest have been fitted and adjusted. What is the next procedure and what precautions must be taken?
Run the wheel for at least a minute before using.
Make sure everybody is standing clear during the test.
Q>The EU specifies colors for safety signs for member countries, what color does the EU specify for Caution?
The EU specifies colors for safety signs for member countries, what color does the EU specify for Mandatory Action?
Q>Name two conditions which must be reduced or eliminated to prevent an explosion of a flammable dust?
Reduce the dust concentration below the Lower Explosion Limit Level.
Prevent any sources of ignition where there are concentrations of flammable dust.
Reduce the oxygen content of the container of the dust i.e. pressure with an inert gas.
Q> What common salts found in water are usually responsible for clogging the tubes of a boiler. Give two?
Q> By which everyday method can one generate easily and most simply a temperature of 1,500 degrees centigrade?
By lighting a match, the temperature of a burning match head is approximately 1,500 degrees.
If a steam pipe is assessed as suitable for a higher pressure than originally intended, what associated checks must be made on the pipe?
Q> Before a steam boiler is taken into service for the first time a certificate from the manufacturer is required, what two essential pieces of information must this certificate contain?
The Maximum Permissible Working Pressure.
The nature of the tests to which the boiler and its fittings have been submitted.
Q>What precautions should be taken with the discharge from Safety Valves on a steam boiler?
The discharge from safety valves must be conducted upwards to a location where they do not constitute a danger.
Q> Give three normal daily checks to be carried out on a steam boiler under load?
Cross blow and check water level gauges.
Check operation of automatic water level
Check fire controls and alarm.
Q> When may work be commenced in a boiler furnace or boiler flue which has just been taken out of service and isolated?
When it has been sufficiently cooled by ventilation or otherwise to make work safe for the persons employed.
Q> List six Safety and Health measures to avoid accidents when working in confined spaces?
Pre-Entry Precautions, remote removal of contents.
Isolate to ensure no accidental introductions.
Check and Certify the atmosphere, sufficient oxygen.
Provide adequate protective clothing.
Ensure ventilation of space during occupancy.
Provide Safety Harness and Wrist straps.
Provide a trained tank watcher.
Have means of sounding alarm and effecting rescue on hand.
Q> Before any tank, pit or closed space, or any place where there is not natural ventilation is entered. What tests must be carried out on the atmosphere of the space to be entered. Give three tests?
That the atmosphere is free from combustible or explosive gases.
That the space is free from toxic gases.
That there is sufficient Oxygen present to avoid a health hazard.
Q> Steamy environment can be hazardous, give six reasons why this is so?
Clothes become damp.
Heat stress from high humidity.
Electrical appliances could become live.
Moist hands can cause handling accidents.
Wet floors can cause slipping hazards.
Q>What size of abrasive wheels or their washers must have marked on them the maximum permissible speed (in revolutions per minute) when they are first taken into use?
Abrasive wheels with a diameter greater than 55 mm.
Q>Name three conditions that must apply to abrasive wheel work rests on pedestal type grinders?
They should be of substantial construction.
They should readily adjust to follow wheel wear.
They must be securely clamped to the machine.
The edge of work rest should be within 3 mm of wheel face.
Q>How frequently should abrasive wheels be dressed, and what is preferable and why?
As often as is necessary.
Frequent light dressings are preferable.
Frequent light dressings produce safer more efficient operating conditions.
Q> What is Glazing in abrasive wheels?
What is the effect of Glazing in abrasive wheels ?
How is Glazing corrected ?
The use of too hard or too fine a wheel results in glazing. i.e. the wheel face becomes clogged with particles of the material being ground.
The effects are over heating and the need for excessive pressure on the work.
It can be corrected by using the correct wheel structure for the work, or by frequent dressing with a diamond tool.
Q>In order to comply with current legislation and guidance, name three of the essential things a person mounting a grinding wheel must have?
Competency to mount a wheel.
Appointment by the occupier.
His or her appointment entered in the register.
Q> Name three of the five pieces of information given on the label of an abrasive wheel?
Q> In relation to, (a) Circular saws and, (b) Grindstones what influence has speed on safety?
(a) The faster the blade runs the more effective it cuts and thus the safer it is.
(b) The faster the stone runs the more dangerous it becomes.
Q> Describe the warning signs used under classification packaging and labelling regulations to signal:-
All the above signs are in black characters/symbols on a yellow
A skull and cross bones in a triangle.
A test tube pouring drops of liquid onto a material with fumes arising from the material.
An X shape known as a Saint Andrews cross.
Q> Name six types of radiation measuring devices?
Q>What are the three main factors that increase the exposure hazard to radioactive substances?
Type of Radiation
Intensity of radiation.
Q> Can you name three of the broad procedure classifications for radioactive decontamination?
Q> What three tests should be carried out on a sewer atmosphere before entry?
Sufficient oxygen present.
Presence of toxic gases.
Presence of flammable gases.
Q>What is the principal of operation of Electrostatic Dust Extractors?
The principal of these appliances is the ionization of dust by passing the air or gas through an electric field thereby causing the particles to settle on collecting surfaces that are kept at the opposite polarity.
Q> What are the three “E”s of a Safety Programme?
Q> Which, if any of the following, are ferrous metals: Iron, Aluminium, Copper, Lead and Steel?
Iron and Steel.
Q> Name six headings that a code of safe work practice may be divided into?
Organization of work.
Work on apparatus classified as dangerous.
Work on dangerous locations.
Work and working equipment.
Operation of certain plant.
Q> In order to comply with current legislation and guidance on Docks who is responsible for providing life saving appliances, e.g. lifebuoys etc.?
The person or body having general management and control of the dock, wharf, or quay, or any other person having exclusive right to occupation of any part of the dock, wharf, or quay and who has management and control of such part.
Q> Training is all important in maintaining Health and Safety Standards in the Work place. Can you name three of the four general situations that may arise for employee’s during their employment where training must be given?
On transfer or change of job.
A change of work equipment.
On introduction of new technology.
Q> Outside of First Aid Box contents matching the workplace requirements. Name three of the four other essential requirements to be addressed in respect of such boxes?
A regular contents check.
Location identity signs.
A responsible person.
Q> In the design of a load handling station at a work place. Can you name three of the four essential considerations to be taken into account?
Distance to be covered.
Height difference between reception and disposing of load.
Frequency of handling.
Weight of objects to be moved.
Q>In choosing inflatable personal protective equipment to prevent persons drowning on falling into water, name three of the five essential safety and performance criteria that equipment selection should be based on?
Righting ability even if wearer unconscious.
Triggering of Automatic inflation.
Ability to keep nose and mouth out of water.
Q> The agitation of slurry on farms can result in the release of a number of hazardous gasses. Name the most common of these?
Q>In carrying out a risk assessment to ensure safe work in Confined Spaces name six factors inside the space that should be considered?
Structure and Layout
Q>In carrying out a risk assessment to ensure safe work in Confined Spaces name six factors outside the space that should be considered?
Ingress of sources of ignition.
Ingress of substances.
Inadvertent operation of plant.
Nearby work activities.
Inadvertent blocking of exit routes.
Q>Name 6 key elements in developing a Safety Management System?
H & S Policy.
Implementation and Operation.
Q>Name six hazards involved with the use of chainsaws?
Kick Back injuries.
Q>List eight of the main protective measures to be considered and incorporated into a plant when designing explosion control into plant systems?
High speed isolation valves.
Q>Current legislation and guidance lays down four considerations in respect of the arrangement of outdoor workstations that are required to provide for the safety and health of employees. Can you name these considerations?
That employees are protected against inclement weather conditions and falling objects.
That employees are not exposed to harmful noise levels or to harmful influences such as gases vapors or dust.
That employees can leave their workstations speedily in the event of danger or can be rapidly assisted to do so.
That employees can not slip or fall.
Q>A chain saw should be checked thoroughly before use. Name eight of the essential checks?
Stop switch marked and functioning.
Guards in position and good repair.
No damage to chain guide bar and sprockects.
All external fittings secure(e.g. Nuts, screws )
Chain tension correct.
Chain lubrication system working.
Saw chain sharpened.
Chain brake working properly.
Q>Falls trips, slips, and collisions are typical accidents caused by what?
Q>When a person finishes a job what two things must always be done?
Put tools away.
Tidy up area.
Q>Give two results of good housekeeping?
Q>Give two methods of removing oil from a workshop or factory floor?
Absorb in sawdust.
Q>How often should floors be cleaned?
At least once a week.
Q>Give another name for good housekeeping?
Q>‘A place for everything, everything in it’s place’, Why?
Tidiness, Tools are easily found.
Q>What is the best way to remove dust and dirt from the workroom?
By vacuum cleaning.
Q>Why not blow the dirt and dust away?
It only transfers it to another place.
Q>How often should a machine be cleaned?
Daily or after each shift or as often as necessary to prevent unsafe condition.
Q>Give two principles of good stacking?
not too high for access,
well bonded and chocked,
and clear of overhead plant.
Q>Should stacks of goods be vertical all round?
No, they should be stepped back occassionally.
Q>What connection has good housekeeping with fire?
It considerably reduces the risk.
Give two functions of white lines in yards or factory floor areas?
To define passageways.
To define storage areas.
Q>If a solvent is used as a cleaner, what is necessary?
That occupational exposure levels are not exceeded.
Q>Why should solvent not be used for cleaning hands?
Solvent weakens skin by defeating it, and eventually breaks down protective layers.
Q>Suggest two precautions for individuals working in an oily occupation?
Wash overalls regularly.
Do not put oily rags in pockets.
Inspect the body for symptoms regularly.
Maintain a high standard of personal hygiene.
Q>Why not use abrasives to clean the skin?
They irritate the skin and tend to rub in the dirt.
Q>What precautions should be taken when painting or cleaning using flammable solvents in a confined space?
There must be adequate ventilation, and smoking, and the use of naked flames, or sparks must be prohibited.
Q> Why does a person using an electrical welding process wear special eye protection?
To protect the eyes from Ultra-Violet Rays.
Q>How would you protect persons other than the welder from eye damage?
Arrange a screen around the job or provide eye protection.
Q>When dealing with toxic substances, what do the letters T.L.V. mean?
Threshold Limit Value.
Q> What is “Caisson Disease”?
Decompression Sickness, or the bendness.
Q>Working with a Laser may cause injury to the eye and skin. What is a Laser?
A beam of Intensified Light (Light Amplification by Simulated Emission of Radiation).
Q>What is the common name for sepsis?
Q>What do the letters E.C.G. stand for?
Electro – Cardio -Graph.
Q> When dealing with toxic substances, what do the letters M.A.C. stand for?
Maximum Allowable Concentration.
Q> When dealing with toxic substances, what do the letters P.P.M. stand for?
Parts per Million.
Q>What is a sprain?
Partial tearing of the tendons or ligaments connected with a joint.
Q>What is a toxic substance?
Material that poisons the body system.
Q>What is a corrosive substance?
A liquid or solid which attacks the skin or other material and destroys it.
Q>Give another name for Vertigo?
Dizziness or fear of height.
Q> If there is a confined space in which dangerous fumes may be present, what must be done before a person may enter?
The atmosphere must be tested and the conditions for entry specified.
Q>If a diesel driven compressor is to be used in a plant, name two necessary precautions?
Must be sited in a safe place.
Exhaust fumes must be extracted or adequate ventilation.
Check that noise level is not over the legal limit.
Q> What two sources may you take drinking water from?
Any other certified source.
Q>How many bones in the human spine?
Q>What is the most effective protective measure against Hepatitis B?
Immunity by vaccination.
Q> What disease is characterized by the presence of cells which have an unlimited power of disordered reproduction, resulting in the formation of tumors?
Q> Give two examples of substances or classes of substances exposure to which may lead to chronic effects?
Q>What is meant by working in a ‘Hyperbaric Atmosphere’?
‘Hyperbaric Atmosphere’ is when work is carried out in a compressed air enclosure or underwater diving.
Q> The physical agents directive deals with problems of HAV and WBV. What are HAV and WBV abbreviations for?
HAV is Hand Arm Vibration and WBV is Whole Body Vibration.
Q> What safety issues does the ‘Suzy Lamplugh Trust’ deal with?
The Suzy Lamplugh Trust deals with issues of lone working and personal safety.
Q>The concentration of Chlorine Gas in a workroom should not exceed what level?
1 ppm (part per million) (b) 300 ppm. (c) 1 per cent. ?
(a) 1 ppm.
Q>What is the name of the medical problem associated with the inhalation of siliceous dust in the pottery industry?
Q>Humans can be affected by brucellosis, how do they normally contract it. Qualify your answer?
Infected animals and animal products are almost always the source of human infection as man to man transmission is exceptional.
Q> When working with synthetic resins, what four factors are most important?
Keep them off the skin.
Remove from skin immediately if contaminated.
Keep tools clean during and after work.
Report any abnormality found.
Q> Give four types of safety equipment which should be worn by foundry workers?
Q> Give four methods of drying the hands or face normally found in a work place?
Hot air dryers.
Q<Name six basic requirements for a barrier cream?
It should offer protection from the harmful agents.
It should be non-irritating & non-sensitising.
It should be easily applied.
It should be easily removed with soap and water.
It should not rub off under work conditions.
It should preserve the skin in a healthy conditions.
It should be bacteriostatic to prevent infection through surface damage of the skin.
It should be economical in use.
Q>What happens to the brain in concussion and what is the subsequent danger?
Concussion occurs when the soft brain tissue strikes the rigid bones of the scull cavity.
Swelling of the brain and/or hemorrhage causing pressure within the skull resulting in brain damage or death.
Q<Tetraethyl lead has toxic properties which require stringent precautions against skin and respiratory absorption. What substance that was in large scale use contained this compound?
Leaded Petrol as an “antiknock ingredient”.
Q>What is the name of the major health hazard that was associated with wool sorters before it was overcome by improvement in production methods and disinfection?
When selecting respiratory protection and training personnel to use this protection in a specific area, name six items that need careful attention?
Establish the level of exposure.
Ensure the protection is adequate for the prevailing condition.
Ensure personnel are trained in the fitting, testing and use of the equipment.
Establish procedures for checking the correct operation, maintenance, and sanitization of the equipment.
Ensure that there are adequate spares.
Ensure that shelf life of the spares is valid.
Q> Name three important items related to fume and dust respirators which a wearer should know and personally check?
That the respirator is correctly fitted and has no leaks.
That the correct cartridge and filter are fitted to give adequate protection.
That the shelf life and service life of the cartridge fitted has not expired.
Q> The smaller the dust particle, particularly less than 5 microns in diameter, the more readily it will be absorbed into the body via the lungs. Give one other reason to explain why the danger increases as the particle size decreases?
Particles will remain airborne longer as the particle size falls.
Q>The degree of hazard of a laser depends on the laser power and the wave length. Name one other factor which governs the hazard of a laser?
Q>How does metallic poisoning affect the body?
It destroys the viability of any form of living matter with which it comes into contact.
Q>How does narcotic poisoning affect the body?
Narcotics are substances which are absorbed into the blood stream and produce an anesthetic effect. Some may also affect other systems of the body.
Q>How do Hemolytic poisons affect the body?
They are substances which destroy the red cells of the body.
Q>What is an asphyxiant?
These are substances which do not injure the respiratory tract but give rise to oxygen deficiency in the lungs.
Q>The HSA booklet on workplace stress gives 10 examples of the potential effects of stress on a person. Name six of these effects?
Increased heart disease.
Increased digestive problems.
Reduced immunity infections.
Loss of job satisfaction/commitment.
Substance abuse – alcohol & cigarettes.
Q>The HSA booklet on workplace stress gives 6 examples of the potential effects of stress on an organization. Name the effects?
Poor industrial relations.
Q>Give three precautions that must be taken in the storage and handling of cyanides?
Keep cyanide away from acid.
Keep fingernails cut short.
Wash thoroughly before taking food and drink.
Food, drink and utensils must not be brought into rooms where cyanide is present.
Q> “Pattern” bruising is a distinctive sign of what type of injury?
Internal bleeding from a violent injury.
Q>How often should all parts of cranes and lifting machines be thoroughly examined?
Every 12 months.
Q> What is required to be marked on every lifting machine?
Safe Working Load (S.W.L.)
Q> What is necessary if a jib can be raised and lowered?
An automatic W.L. indicator or a chart indicating S.W.L.s.
Q> How should a lift way be protected?
By a substantial enclosure fitted with gates.
Q. What is essential about the fastening of a lift gate?
It must be an interlocking device.
Q> What has to be marked on every hoist or lift?
The maximum working load.
Q> What is necessary for the protection of a hoistway or liftway in respect of limiting the escalation of accidents?
It must be completely enclosed with fire resisting materials.
Q> What is specially required on a hoist for carrying persons?
An automatic device to prevent over-run.
Q> How does a crane driver know what to do?
There is a special code of signals.
Q> Should a mobile crane be operated on a gradient?
No, it should always be level.
Q> Under what condition can a person ride on the top of a cage in a hoist well?
Only if he has full control of the movement of the cage.
Q> If a crane driver can not see the load to be lifted, who directs his actions, and by what method?
By use of approved hand signals or appropriate radio communication.
Q> What does the term slewing mean in relation to a crane?
The rotary motion of a crane jib or load about the centre of rotation.
Q>What does the term “Luffing” or “Jibbing” mean in relation to a crane?
The angular motion of a crane jib in a vertical plane to change the hook radius.
Q> What is the best method of conveying instructions to crane drivers?
By Approved Hand Signals or radio communication.
Q> In normal circumstances if the load on the forks of a forklift truck obscures the drivers view, what should the driver do?
Travel in reverse and look in the direction of travel.
Q> Give four main safety requirements of a hoist or a lift?
Good mechanical construction.
Q> Give the two important points relating to the interlocking system on a hoist or a lift?
The gates can be opened only when the cage is at the landing.
The cage will not move if the gates are not closed.
Q> a person is on the track of an overhead travelling crane within what distance must the crane not approach him?
20 feet (6m).
Q>Give four examples of lifting machines?
Q> What extra hazard is there in using tower cranes, not normally met with ordinary mobile cranes, and what should be fitted in relation to same?
High Wind speed alarms/indicators should be fitted.
Q> In relation to cranes, What is a fly-jib?
A detachable auxiliary jib fitted at the end of the main jib.
Q> What is meant by the term Safety Ropes or Jib Arresters in relation to cranes?
They are ropes, usually two, fitted between the underside of the jib and the crane to prevent whip back of the jib in the event of the sudden release of the
On what type of crane would you find a “Radius-Load Indicator” and what is its purpose?
On a jib – To show the maximum load that can be lifted in relation to its jib angle.
Q>What does the term counterbalance mean when referring to the jib of a tower crane?
It is the weight added to the short end of the jib to balance the longer end of the jib.
Q>Name four precautions to be taken when slinging a load?
Check the weight to be lifted.
Ensure the lifting machine and tackle are adequate and in good condition.
Position the slings to get a balanced and secure lift.
Watch out for trapping hazards.
Keep out from under the load.
Q>Why should a forklift truck have its forks lowered, give two reasons for this
when loaded and (b) when unloaded?
(a) To lower the centre of gravity.
To give the driver a clear view.
(b). To release pressure on lifting chains.
This is the safest position.
Q>In the event of an accident causing damage to a forklift truck, what four procedures do you follow?
Stop the truck.
Bring the load to a safe position.
Switch off and immobilize the truck.
Report immediately to your superior.
Q>When is it permissible to exceed the Safe Working Load of a lifting machine?
When test weights are being applied, under the supervision of a competent person, to determine the safety of the machine.
Q>When lifting irregular edged equipment with a crane and wire slings, what precautions must be taken in relation to the slings?
The slings must be protected from possible cuts or nips on sharp edges of the equipment being lifted.
Q>When you hire a crane and driver for work on your site, who is responsible for checking the validity of the crane test certificate and lifting tackle test certificate?
You or your agent.
Q>In order to comply with Current legislation and guidance how often must a Fork lift truck, including interchangeable accessories, be thoroughly examined?
Every 12 Months.
Q>Name two respiratory diseases that have been associated with foundry operations?
Q> Name two common substances used in the home that can cause dermatitis?
Thinners or solvents.
Q> What is the chief danger for a person who is continually handling Epoxy Resins?
Q>What diseases may be caused by lack of care when using lubricating oils & cutting oils?
Dermatitis; Cutting oil is a suspect carcinogen.
Q> Why wear gloves when handling cement?
To prevent Dermatitis.
Q>If any skin trouble is noticed, what should you do?
Report to the First Aid Department, Doctor, or Nurse at once.
Q>Give two important precautions when using synthetic resins?
Keep them off the skin.
Remove from the skin immediately if splashed.
Keep tools perfectly clean to prevent skin contamination.
Q> Is dermatitis limited to work in the factory?
No, it can be caused by the misuse of substances in the home.
Q>Give two ways to prevent dermatitis in the home?
Wash and dry hands.
Keep out of contact with suspect substances.
Q> Name two dusts that are most harmful to health and have been associated with fire protection and metal cleaning respectively?
Q.What is the critical control of harmful dusts?
Removal at surce.
Q> What is the best way to avoid dermatitis?
Each time you break off work, wash hands, arms, and face thoroughly with soap and water.
Q> What is thought to cause the high incidence of nose cancer in wood workers?
Wood dust particles, particularly hard It is uncertain whether it is the size, shape, or chemical composition.
Q>What is the most common work related disease?
Q>Give another name for Sensitivity Dermatitis?
Q>Dermatitis is a non-infectious inflammatory skin condition, caused by contact with chemicals or physical agents. Name the two categories of occupational dermatitis?
Q> What four actions could you take to prevent dermatitis?
Avoid contact with dangerous materials.
Find a substitute material, non-dermatic if possible.
Wear protective clothing.
Use barrier creams.
Increase the degree of personal hygeine.
Q> When working with possible sensitizing materials, name 4 ways of preventing infection?
Wear protective gloves.
Wash and dry the hands carefully.
Use an appropriate barrier cream.
Avoid unnecessary contact.
Change to a less hazardous material if possible.
Q> Give four precautions to be taken if working in an oily occupation?
Wash overalls regularly.
Do not put oily rags in pockets.
Inspect the body regularly.
Maintain a high standard of personal hygiene.
Q> Name four substances in the home that may cause dermatitis?
Petrol and oils.
Q>Give four methods of controlling the risk of lead poisoning?
By the removal of dust and fume.
Control of handling.
Control of eating and smoking.
The wearing of protective clothing.
Good washing accomodation.
Q> What is banned from blasting by abrasives?
Sand or any substance containing free silica.
Q.Name the 4 stages in the practice of Occupational Hygiene?
Q. What occupational disease is associated with the cotton industry?
Q>Give six causes of industrial diseases which are reportable to the H.S.A.?
Q> V.W.F. is a prescribed industrial disease. (a) what does V.W.F. stand for, (b) by what other name is it known, and (c) how does it affect the body?
(a) Vibration White Finger
Occupational Raynauds syndrome.
Damage to peripheral blood vessels and nerves.
Q. Name six conditions or materials which cause occupational skin troubles?
Skin damage due to friction or pressure.
Micro-organisms from wood or plants.
Heat, Cold, Excessive sunlight.
Chemicals – Alkalis and acids.
Oils and Petroleum products.
Adhesives, Hardeners and dyes.
Solvents and cleaners.